On 11 September 2019, the Court of Justice (First Chamber) delivered its opinion in the Polish case Lexitor sp. z o.o. (C-383/18) interpreting Article 16(1) of EU Directive 2008/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 on credit agreements for consumers following the opinion of Advocate General Hogan which was delivered on 23 May 2019.